Microfinance Company in India

Microfinance Company in India

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How to Start a Microfinance Company In India

First way:

Register a Micro Finance institution/ NBFC incorporated through RBI Rules

–       Eligibility: Must have INR 5 CR net owned fund(that is investment at the beginning)

–       Govt Fees: 11 lakhs other than professional charges of consultants

–       All microfinance companies are not entitled to accept public deposits. Only those who have approval from RBI and have an investment grade rating are allowed to accept/ hold public deposits to a limit of 1.5 times of its Net Owned Funds.

In India, there are more than 17000 NBFCs RBI is not giving permission easily to new microfinance companies. Though, if all formalities are complete and pre-conditions are satisfied, there is no reason for the RBI not to permit registration, nevertheless, the process takes a very long time at least 9 months to one year.

Second way:

Section 8 company incorporated under companies Act, 2013

–          Cannot accept deposits from public

–          Limit of loan that can be provided is: 50,000 for a business enterprise and Rs. 1,25,000 for meeting the cost of a dwelling unit to any poor person for enabling him to raise his level of income and standard of living

–          Loan to be extended without collateral.

–          Eligible borrower: Rural household with annual income not exceeding 1,00,000 or urban and semi-urban household income not exceeding 1,60,000

–          Loan amount should not be more than 60,000 in the first cycle and 1, 00,000 in subsequent cycles.

–          Total indebtedness of the borrower should not be more than 1, 00,000.

–          For loan amount more than 30,000 tenure of the loan not to be less than 24 months

–          Aggregate amount of loans, given for income generation, is not less than 50 per cent of the total loans given by the micro finance institutions

–          Loan is repayable on weekly, fortnightly or monthly installments at the choice of the borrower.

–          No RBI approval on registration or to provide loan. But must follow guidelines for interest rates and processing fees.

To Incorporate Section 8 Company

–          Minimum 2 directors required.

–          Documents Required :

PAN Card of Directors (Copy), ID Proof of Directors (Prefer Aadhaar Card), Passport size photograph of all the Directors, Residential Proof of registered office (Telephone or Mobile Bill/ Electricity or Gas Bill), Landlord NOC (we will provide the format), Bank statement/Utility bill of Director

–          Time Taken: 30-45 days



Types of Business Entities in India




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COVID-19 outbreak has not just weakened the health of humans rather it is worsening the economic growth all-round the globe. Big Corporates, MSME’s, MNC’s and the unorganised sector which are the drivers of the Indian economy are the ones worst affected. As per IMF statistics, the growth rate in Asia is likely to be stalled at 0% for the F.Y. 2020-21 which is the worst performance ever recorded in the past 60 years. Even during the times of global financial crises & Asian financial crises the growth performance of the Asian continent was 4.7% & 1.3% respectively.

How Do You Plan to Rebuild Your Business After COVID-19

Big corporates & MNC’s will revive and get their business back on track because they have various sources to generate fresh funds, which will help their business to gain momentum again. But tough times will come for MSME registrations, New company registrations & business in the unorganised sector. The only thing which differentiates between these two types of a business venture is the source of funds they possess and the management of these funds.

Having a post-lockdown strategic plan ready for your business will help to revive it from any major setbacks. If you don’t have a strategic plan for your business then it is the right time to think in that direction and revive your business from the effect of COVID-19.

Some points which we will analyze to bring your business on track:


Just as the doctor does before recommending any medicine to its patients, in the same manner, you must first diagnose the problem which your business is facing. Therefore assessment is the fundamental stage for the revival of your business. Check which area of your business is worst affected and find the best alternative solution for it.

Cost-benefit analyses of your business with the help of cash-flow statement, sources of revenue, and cost of customer acquisition will help you to maximize efficiency in the acquisition and utilization of financial resources. Consulting a chartered accountant will help you to reduce cost and save taxes.

Not just sales, revenue, profit & cash flows but also consider non-cash measures, which has affected your business such as; stock loss, customer loss, loss of goodwill in the market etc. these factors should also be factored in while computing the loses.


The economy and the market will not be the same as it used to be earlier therefore it is imperative to bring some hair-cuts in your business structure. Analysing the complete trend in your the business industry will help you to devise a competitive strategy for your business.

New company registrations
New company registrations

3.            ADDITIONAL FUNDS

Unless you have a large chunk of liquid funds in your business available, you need to figure out the sources through which you can raise the funds for your business. It is most likely that most businesses, MSME Registration, Start-ups will face a huge shortage of working capital to kick-start their business. Since we know now that it’s a the tedious process to get your business loan sanctions from financial institutions and the long duration it takes to get the funds in your hands, therefore it is advisable to get all these preparations beforehand so that when the time arrives you do not need any extra time to arrange those funds.

Various modes of funding through financial institutions are:

•             Working capital financing

•             Inventory financing

•             Fixed capital financing

•             Business lines of credit

•             Other modes of financing

Even borrowing is competitive in the market and you cannot risk your business by borrowing funds from a non-competitive source. For example; suppose you have a loan from Bank A @10% whereas your competitor is having a loan from Bank B @ 9%. Even if you have a product/service of utmost quality you will not be able to compete because your funds are borrowed at a higher rate as compared to your competitor.

Every other option has different rates of interest applicable and each option have a different set of pros & cons attached to it. Let a financial domain expert and a chartered accountant who is also a provider of CA services online, decide this for you.


“Unless you have defined time-line, you will always be lack of time”.

Prioritizing the work and setting a realistic timeline to achieve the goals is much needed in the times of COVID-19. Instead of taking the entire task, an ideal businessman should take step by step growth to achieve their business goals. Initially, your goal is to secure funds for your business and then only you can start your business operation so one must consider securing their funds as their priority.

During the initial period of COVID-19 recovery process looks at whether you are able to meet the specified timeline and check what is working in your plan and what needs modification.

5.            CONTINGENCY PLAN

This pandemic seems more like once in a lifetime event but in a business, there are certain external factors which will disrupt the smooth functioning of your business. So before any such situation arises in future a rational businessman must start to establish some safeguards to prevent their businesses from future shocks.

Such as establishing liquidity provisions, increase your online presence; clear your debt as early as possible, cutting down non-essential expenses etc. By making these changes you can not only secure your business from future crises but it will also improve your business functioning in contemporary times. Prepare your business plan A, B, C until your business future is secured.


CAonWEB have most experienced and trusted professionals on board. Our expert professionals are trained to work in a highly controlled and pressurized situation. We have a highly effective and efficient team having specialization in diverse fields and they will be interested to help your enterprise during this phase of COVID-19 crises.

Our trusted expert professionals are focused on creating value to your business by delivering you the most accurate information and the future path for your business. our experts with deep industrial knowledge brings in most developed, innovative, technology-driven solutions for the business of our clients and help them to smoothly operate their business even in the challenging times.

–          Increase adaptability against disruptive market forces.

–          Transforming your weakness into your advantage.

–          Optimizing the compliance cost of your business.

–          Analysing the company’s financial statements.

–          Establish a strategic plan for your business.

–          Preparing a contingency plan.

Source- https://www.caclubindia.com/articles/how-to-rebuild-your-business-after-covid-19-41490.asp

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